NFPA is often asked, “Does NFPA have a standard for fire stations?” The short answer is… No, NFPA does not have a specific document for fire station design or construction. However, NFPA does have multiple documents that have fire stations design, construction, and installation requirements for facility safety, and personnel safety. The following is just a brief list of standards that have requirements for fire department facilities:
NFPA 1: Fire Code requires all “new” facilities to have automatic fire sprinklers systems installed.
NFPA 1500: Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program provides requirements for facility safety, maintenance and inspections.
NFPA 1581: Standard on Fire Department Infection Control Program, has requirements to provide minimum criteria for infection control in the fire station, in the fire apparatus, during procedures at an incident scene, and at any other area where fire department members are involved in routine or emergency operations.
NFPA 1851: Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting, this standard provides safety requirements for storage and cleaning of personal protective equipment.
NFPA 1989: Standard on Breathing Air Quality for Emergency Services Respiratory Protection, this standard provides requirements on the installation of SCBA filling stations.
NFPA 1221: Standard for the Installation, Maintenance, and Use of Emergency Services Communications Systems, provides requirements where communication centers are located within fire station facilities.